Neoliberalism has become dominant since the collapse of the Bretton-Woods financial framework, which now means free movement of capital. It's hard to find a region of the world that has more closely followed the neoliberal recommendations than Africa. African countries have been completely dominated by the World Bank and IMF. These groups work in tandem and impose what are called "Structural Adjustment Programs" for targeted countries. "Markets in everything" is a right wing slogan and that's the core of neoliberal thinking. Not just labor and resources. Health, education. Even voting.
In the early 80's the World Bank and IMF successfully imposed on African countries a reduction in government expenditures for health, introducing fee based systems. Life expectancy collapsed in Africa like nowhere else. AIDS proliferation is a direct consequence of these measures. Africa accounts for 14.5% of the world population, but 72% of the AIDS deaths. Neoliberalism has destroyed higher education. Neoliberal policies have consistently attacked subsidy for eduction, requiring instead fee based policies. This has been totally ruinous to education, which is now only a rich family's prerogative. The same trend exists in the US as the same policies are implemented here.
A short overview of how it works in Africa here and a more lengthy talk here.